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806-798-8820

Our Lubbock Optometrists Diagnose and Discuss Various Eye Conditions

Our optometrists provide diagnosis and treatment for a wide variety of eye conditions and disease for the surrounding communities of Lubbock, Wolfforth, and Woodrow, that can affect your vision. We have listed below common eye conditions that our eye doctors are asked about by our patients.

mother and daughter smiling after getting eye checkup at Ginter EyeCare Center in Lubbock

How Your Eyes Work

Your eyes contain many parts that work together to help you see clearly. A clear dome-shaped tissue, known as the cornea, covers the front part of your eye. Light enters your eye through the cornea and the lens, which focus the light so you see images clearly. The cornea and lens do this by bending the light so that it strikes tissue lining the back of the eye in just the right spot. The light sensitive tissue, known as the retina, sends information about the light it receives to the brain through the optic nerve. The eye contains a gel, known as vitreous, which fills the eye and gives it shape.

Type of Eye Conditions and Treatments

Refractive errors are problems with the way your eye bends, or refracts, light so that it does not strike the right spot on the retina. Refractive errors include nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism, which is a defect in the shape of the eye that causes distorted vision. Glasses, contact lenses, and some types of surgery, like LASIK, can correct refractive errors.

Glaucoma is a condition marked by damage to the optic nerve, usually resulting from high pressure inside the eye. Treatment for glaucoma includes eye drops, pills, laser surgery, traditional surgery or a combination of these methods.

Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye becomes increasingly opaque, which results in blurred vision. Treatment for cataracts includes strong prescription eyeglasses, bifocal eyeglasses, and surgery to replace the cloudy lens with a clear, artificial one.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) occurs when the eye’s macula, which is a very small spot on the retina, breaks down. The macula is responsible for central vision – it helps you see fine details clearly. There is no cure for AMD, unfortunately, but treatment may slow the progression of deterioration.

Amblyopia, sometimes referred to as “lazy eye,” is poor vision in one or both eyes that happens when the eye and the brain do not work together. The brain “learns” to see blurry images even with correction with eyeglasses. Treatment includes correction with consistent use of eyeglasses or contacts. Patching the strong eye may help strengthen the weak eye.

Diabetic retinopathy is a serious sight-threatening condition that occurs in people with diabetes. High blood sugar associated with diabetes increases fluid inside the eye. Over time, excess fluid causes blood vessels in the retina to leak blood and other body fluids, which causes swelling and progressive damage to the retina. Treatments include laser surgery, surgery to remove blood and scar tissue in the eye, and medication injections.  

Dry eye syndrome occurs when your tears do not lubricate or nourish your eyes, because either your eyes do not produce enough tears or the tears are of low quality. Treatments restore or maintain tears.

Floaters and flashes occur when protein fibers that make up the vitreous gel inside your eye shrink, creating flecks of protein that cast shadows on your retina as light enters your eye. Flashes of light can occur if the shrinking vitreous pulls the retina away from the rest of the eye. Floaters usually require no treatment; flashes are a sign of a potentially vision-robbing medical emergency known as a retinal detachment or tear.

Retinal detachment or tear occurs when the retina tears or comes away from the rest of the eye. Retinal tear or detachment is a medical emergency that requires the immediate attention of an eye doctor. Treatment involves reattaching the retina to the eye.

Pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis, is redness of the mucous membrane of the conjunctiva that covers the eyelid and surface of the eye. Infections, dry eyes, exposure to chemicals, and allergies can cause pink eye. Treatment depends largely on its cause.

Red eye is a general term to describe eyes irritated by foreign bodies, scrapes, glaucoma, or infection. Treatment depends on the cause.

If You're Looking for an Optometry Clinic in Lubbock, Call Ginter EyeCare Center for a Eye Exam and Vision Evaluation

If you suffer from one or more eye conditions, talk with our eye doctors at Ginter Eyecare Center. Our optometry office is conveniently located at 5713 82nd St. in Lubbock, TX. We provide the eye care you need for good vision throughout your life. Make your appointment today by calling 806-798-8820.

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